Global Hunger Index 2020 released in which India ranks 94 Out Of 107 Nations.
About Global Hunger Index
• The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a tool designed to comprehensively measure and track hunger at the global, regional, and country levels.
• High-income countries are not included in the GHI
• The GHI has been released by Welthungerhilfe (lately in partnerships with Concern Worldwide) since 2000.
• The GHI ranks countries on a 100-point scale, with 0 being the best score (no hunger) and 100 being the worst, although neither of these extremes is reached in actuality.
Key Findings of The Report
- Global Hunger is moving from Serious to Moderate: This score reflects a decline of 31 percent since 2000, when the global GHI score was 29.0 and fell into the serious category.
- Inequality within countries: Inequalities within country borders allow hunger and undernutrition to persist even in countries that appear to be doing well according to national averages.
- Climate change as a threat: Countries with high GHI scores are often also highly vulnerable to climate change but have the least capacity to adapt; several countries with low GHI scores are the least vulnerable and most ready.
GHI and India
- India has improved its ranking in the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2020. India ranked 94 among 107 countries in the Global Hunger Index. Last year, India’s rank was 102 out of 117 countries. India continues to be in the “serious” hunger category
- The 2020 GHI report however does not yet reflect the impacts of Covid-19. According to the report, 14% of India’s population was undernourished.
- India has demonstrated improvement in under 5 mortality rates.
- India recorded a 37.4% stunting rate among children under five and a wasting rate of 17.3%. The under-five mortality rate stood at 3.7%. India has made some progress, particularly since the enactment of National Food Security Act.
- In a positive sign, India’s score has decreased consistently. In the 2020 report, India’s score stood at 27.2. It was 32.2 in 2010, 31.1 in 2018 and 30.3 last year. It will take some more years for India to be in the ‘moderate’ category.
- The report also highlights that despite the Clean India campaign open defecation is still practiced. This situation jeopardizes the population’s health and consequently, children’s growth and development as their ability to absorb nutrients are compromised.
- Wasting: low weight for respective height, reflecting acute undernutrition;
- Stunting: low height for respective age, reflecting chronic undernutrition